In short, no, the evidence suggests that in the first century AD and beyond, it just meant "father". Here are the three uses of the term in the New Testament: For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received a spirit of adoption. When we cry,... Continue Reading →
The Lord’s Prayer – do we pray it or no?
There are two main approaches to the Lord’s Prayer (LP). The Lord’s Prayer was meant to be prayed verbatim. The Lord’s Prayer was not meant to be prayed verbatim, but rather serves as a model prayer. Most of the church for 2000 years has opted for the first, while also affirming that it is also a... Continue Reading →
The Lord’s Supper: one invitation you don’t want to miss [Studies in 1 Corinthians]
In the Catholic church, the celebration of mass is the high point of the week’s services, and the worship service is often simply called "the mass". Some Protestant worship services, too, focus on the sacrament, notably in Episcopalian/Anglican churches. In reacting against Rome have we evangelicals drifted away from the Bible and pushed communion into... Continue Reading →
How I have devotions
Part of my traditional New England upbringing was to learn to maintain boundaries between private issues, family matters, and public information. When I asked my parents what they were talking about, at times I heard, “Well, it doesn’t concern you.” Nothing gruff, like “it’s none of your business,” no “you wouldn’t understand.” Just, “if you needed to... Continue Reading →
How to Teach your Church to Pray: Don’t tell them, show them!
The Twelve learned to pray by asking, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples” (Luke 11:1 NIV). For that they received the Lord’s Prayer, which functions as Jesus intended, whether used as a model or prayed verbatim. In general the North American church fails to teach its people to pray. For... Continue Reading →